Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan
Examination of the Predicting Effect of the Environmental Attitudes of Parents on the Environmental Attitudes of Preschool Children
The concept of environmental education has been a subject remaining on the agenda especially for the last 20 years. The increase of environmental pollution attracts the attention of societies to environmental education worldwide. Relevant studies emphasise the necessity of starting environmental education at young ages (Davis, 1998; Wilson, 1996). Apart from environmental education, another variable revealing the importance of the preschool period in terms of environmental attitudes is families. Parents are the first teachers and are highly efficient guides of children from their birth (The Full-Day Early Learning-Kindergarten Program, 2010). On the other hand, the effects that parents have on children are included among the development theories, as well. For instance, in his Social Learning Theory, Bandura emphasises that children observe and imitate the behaviours of individuals whom they take as models (Bandura, 1999). In Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory, the microsystems that may directly affect children’s behaviours include the family system that is formed by parents and siblings (Bronfenbrenner, 1989).
Environmental education programs for young children have both short-term and long-term contributions. Namely, in the study of Eagles and Demare (1999), it was determined that participating in environmental education programs at a young age could positively affect the environmental behaviours of adolescents during secondary education. This study also reveals the importance of raising an environmental awareness during the preschool period. There are a very limited number of studies approaching the environmental perceptions and attitudes of preschool children in Turkey. Therefore, it is...
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