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Contemporary Approaches in Education

Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan

Contemporary Approaches in Education presents papers of the Fifth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Sixth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. The contributions deal with a wide range of educational issues, namely teaching and learning, educational policy and school psychology.
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Examination of the Predicting Effect of the Environmental Attitudes of Parents on the Environmental Attitudes of Preschool Children

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1

Introduction

The concept of environmental education has been a subject remaining on the agenda especially for the last 20 years. The increase of environmental pollution attracts the attention of societies to environmental education worldwide. Relevant studies emphasise the necessity of starting environmental education at young ages (Davis, 1998; Wilson, 1996). Apart from environmental education, another variable revealing the importance of the preschool period in terms of environmental attitudes is families. Parents are the first teachers and are highly efficient guides of children from their birth (The Full-Day Early Learning-Kindergarten Program, 2010). On the other hand, the effects that parents have on children are included among the development theories, as well. For instance, in his Social Learning Theory, Bandura emphasises that children observe and imitate the behaviours of individuals whom they take as models (Bandura, 1999). In Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory, the microsystems that may directly affect children’s behaviours include the family system that is formed by parents and siblings (Bronfenbrenner, 1989).

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