Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan
Improvements in the Life Quality of Children with Leukemia
Throughout the world, cancer occupies a critical place among medical problems faced during childhood. In parallel with the increase in incidence of cancer worldwide, 10% of the total number of deaths of children under the age of 15 are now associated with different forms of cancer. The picture is especially dire in developing countries, where 85% of childhood cancer cases are observed. In Turkey, each year, 2,500 to 3,000 cancer cases are observed in patients under the age of 14 (Erdemir and Taş Arslan, 2013). The most frequent form of childhood cancer is leukemia, which alone accounts for 30% of total childhood cancer cases (Kurt and Çetinkaya, 2008; Zengin et. al, 2012). Yet, survival rates of children diagnosed with cancer have progressively improved thanks to developments in science and technology, currently rising to 70–80% (Elçigil and Tuna, 2011; Annie Toro, 2014).
Nowadays, childhood forms of cancer are treated as chronic diseases, coupled with required patient care. The primary aim of treatment and care for chronic diseases is to improve the quality of life for the patient and his or her family. The quality of life is the product of numerous physical, psychological, and social factors (Kurt and Çetinkaya, 2008). Even though cancer treatments extend life expectancy, the improvements in quality of life become more and more important as one progresses through this difficult process. Improvements in quality of life entail relieving some of the discomforts the patient and his...
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