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Contemporary Approaches in Education

Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan

Contemporary Approaches in Education presents papers of the Fifth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Sixth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. The contributions deal with a wide range of educational issues, namely teaching and learning, educational policy and school psychology.
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Primary School Teachers’ Opinions About Positive Discrimination



In the literature, positive discrimination or affirmative action is described as the privileging of minority groups because of their sex, race, age, marital status, or sex orientation. Positive discrimination is defined as the steps taken to end the non-representativeness in different occupations and the privileged positions of members of groups that have been subordinated. Its purpose is to decrease discrimination, to lessen income inequalities between groups, and to promote diversity by gender and race in every role and activity (Bergman, 1999). Positive discrimination, as a corrective to ensure representation of all races, genders, and people with disabilities in the public service, includes corrective steps which must be taken in order for those that have been factually disadvantaged by partial discrimination could be able to derive full benefit from an equitable employment environment (RSA, 1998).

Positive discrimination refers to situations where individuals are given special treatment in educational selection because of their membership to a disadvantaged group or groups (Bee, 1983). Positive discrimination in education consists of various types. It can be related to a raise in the quality of education and an improvement in the equity of the distribution of education (Garcia- Huidobro 1994). Positive discrimination aims to achieve equality of outcomes or results. The process positively discriminates in favour of certain individuals on the basis of characteristics seen as being common to their group (Squires 1996; Dahlrup 1998). Similarly, positive discrimination is defined as “positive action means special temporary measures of more...

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