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Contemporary Approaches in Education

Edited By Kevin Norley, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Hasan Arslan

Contemporary Approaches in Education presents papers of the Fifth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Sixth European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. The contributions deal with a wide range of educational issues, namely teaching and learning, educational policy and school psychology.
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An Investigation of the Receptive and Expressive Language Levels of Twins and Singletons between the Ages of 48–66 Months



Man is a social being and exists in a society. He or she therefore interacts with the others in society and certain means of communications are required to build up these relationships. From infancy to the end of their lives, human beings feel that they need to communicate and the only way to do so is to explicitly transfer one’s thoughts and feelings to others. A child becomes aware of his or her autonomy in the use of oral language, one of the ways to enable interpersonal communication (Öz, 2003; San Bayhan and Artan, 2005; Tümkaya, 2008). The actual verbal communication in the case of children is the ability to turn words into meaningful sentences and to understand what others say (Yavuzer, 2008). What lies under the language development of children is the need to communicate, to attract attention of others, and to transfer their wishes, feelings, and thoughts. It is one of the most complex abilities of children to learn to speak and to understand other people (Aral, Baran, Bulut, and Çimen, 2001).

Infants begin to use language at a very early stage and they also begin to understand words and phrases even before adults know it. It is reported that they have a wide vocabulary to express their needs and thoughts (Şahin, 2013) and that a great deal of the language is acquired early in life during an age range when the brain is sensitive to language stimulation (Kurt, 2013)...

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