Syntax – Information Structure – Discourse Organization
Some remarks on different classifications of cleft constructions and their areal distribution
Abstract: In the first part of the contribution, we present different taxonomies of cleft constructions proposed in the literature. The second part of the contribution deals with the areal distribution of clefts in Europe, with special attention to the Romance languages. In the west, it-clefts are an obligatory means of expressing focus both in the Celtic languages and in French. This fact can be correlated with the finding that, in the west, the single word is merged in a “sentence word” (cf. Bechert 1990). Prosody thus plays a crucial role in accounting for the high frequency of it-clefts in the Celtic languages and in French. Moreover, as predicted by Bechert’s findings, Romanian, which is situated at the eastern periphery of Europe, rarely uses clefts. A corpus analysis based on Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland in English, French and Romanian corroborates these assumptions.
After a discussion of Lambrecht’s definition of cleft constructions, this article will present different taxonomies that have been proposed to classify them. Some problems of interest in the current linguistic debate related to the description of clefts will also find consideration. Furthermore, we shall see that the areal distribution of clefts as stated by Wehr (2015) and others2 can be corroborated by a corpus analysis that includes English, French and Romanian.
1 Introductory remarks
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