Edited By Evelin Witruk, Shally Novita, Yumi Lee and Dian Sari Utami
Juliet Roudini & Evelin Witruk - Consequences of Trauma Experience in Iran and some Middle East Countries
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Juliet Roudini & Evelin Witruk
University of Leipzig, Germany
Consequences of Trauma Experience in Iran and some Middle East Countries
Abstract. Trauma is a worldwide problem, with severe and wide range of consequences for individuals and society as a whole. Middle East countries have been exposed to political violence, wars, and natural disasters within the past few years. There were some natural disasters such as Bam earthquake in Iran which destroyed the whole city (Argue Bam) in 2003. Some of the researchers have done noteworthy studies to help victims to deal with psychological, physical problems after the traumatic events in Middle East countries. The aim of this research is to find psychological consequences of natural disasters in recent investigations in middle east countries. This study is a research review based upon some significant studies explaining positive and negative consequences of trauma affected on Iranian and Middle East people. We founded in the most researches that the most recognized demographic risk factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) onset are children, females and young people. Mainly, and consistent with other PTSD studies, the greatness of the exposure to the event is the strongest predictor of the expansion of PTSD. However traumatic events come up with several negative outcomes, still there are some evidences from some researches that trauma has some optimistic outcomes such as post-traumatic growth.
Keywords: disaster, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, earthquake.
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