Insights and Perspectives
The organization and the operations of the League of Women of the War Emergency Service
An example of dynamic changes happening in political and social life, for which the outbreak of World War I became a catalyst, is civil activity, which had never before been so wide-ranging. Many organizations and associations were started at that time and many of them were women organizations. One of the most interesting examples of this was the League of Women of the War Emergency Service (Liga Kobiet Pogotowia Wojennego – LKPW) operating in Piotrków and its surrounding area. The origins of this organization can be traced back to November 1912 when the events connected to the First Balkan War led to creation of the Temporary Commission of Confederated Independence Parties, which tried to invigorate political life and to activate Polish communities operating in the Kingdom of Poland and Galicia. In an appeal published at that time the Commission prophesied imminent outbreak of war and urged the Polish people to start organizations that would prepare the society for the armed struggle against Russia1. Under the influence of all that was happening during that period and the information coming from England and France that there were many social organizations with female members, a group of known educational activists and publicists with strong patriotic views, began the work aimed at starting most probably the first female social organization of this kind in the Polish lands. In April 1913, Iza Moszczeńska-Rzepecka – the Polish Socialist Party activist, Jadwiga Marcinowska, Teresa Ciszkiewiczowa and Helena Ceysingerówna who belonged to the National League...
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