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Multilateralism in Global Governance

Formal and Informal Institutions

Assel Tutumlu and Gaye Güngör

The aim of this edited volume is to bring back multilateralism in global governance research by going beyond the state-centric and formal models of multilateralism of the 1990s and deeper into the informal private agents and structures of global governance. The volume is situated within the third generation scholarly research tying together disparate efforts from various disciplines, such as International Relations, Public Administration, International Law and International Political Economy under the overarching theme of multilateralism approached from the three different angles: normative dimensions of global governance, issue-areas, such as migration and international trade, as well as the limits of multilateralism.
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“Five Democratisation Myths” Assel Tutumlu


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Assel Tutumlu (former Rustemova)1

Five Democratisation Myths


This chapter looks at the way we think about democratization, a doctrine of political transformation that promotes free and fair elections and government accountable to the people. Specifically, this chapter argues that in order to explain frequent lack of success in practice, we need to re-evaluate not only the actual policies on the ground, but begin by evaluating our basic assumptions about the nature of this enterprise. In order to do so, the reader is invited to explore several myths that need to be unveiled before democratization policies can take effect. Although this chapter will not have room to evaluate democratization practice of MLOs, it will build a normative argument critiquing democratization activism in global multilateralism. The argument was inspired by the readings of “Human Rights and Social Justice Stream” of the Institute of Global Law and Policy within Harvard University Law School. The original workshop paper, written by Susan Marks argued that our analysis of human rights is tainted by four major myths (Marks 2012). The same set of myths can be attributed to the way we think about global efforts towards democratization by multilateral organizations (MLOs), such as United Nations.

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