Formal and Informal Institutions
Edited By Assel Tutumlu and Gaye Güngör
“The European Union as a (Global) Security Provider: From “Old” to “New” Regionalism?” Ana Isabel Xavier
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Ana Isabel Xavier1
The European Union as a (Global) Security Provider: From “Old” to “New” Regionalism?2
The European Union (EU) is frequently perceived as a multilateral organisation with a strong regional dimension, both through privileged partnerships3 and a strategic cooperation policy towards the Eastern European and the Mediterranean countries sustained by the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).4 In fact, ensuring that the founding values and interests are preserved at the global level, the EU has produced the most advanced model of integration (Cameron 2010), offering a set of policies and norms that contribute to legitimizing its normative model. With the European Treaties and Institutions’ legitimacy, the instruments and mechanisms were enhanced in order to define its capacity and to engage political leaders to recognise the EU as a strategic global player and a valid setter of norms and values, both internally and abroad. ← 49 | 50 →
However, when the literature tries to define the EU as a security provider it often collides with the emerging literature where two views concerning the interdependence between - regional and global – seems to compete. Therefore, this chapter aims to go beyond this dichotomy of labelling the EU either a global and/or regional security provider. It argues for a constructivist turn in regionalism studies because the European project is unique and too complex to fall into the existing categories. For that purpose, this chapter is divided into two main sections: section one briefly...
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