Formal and Informal Institutions
“A Bio-political Governance: The European Union’s Policy on Irregular Transit Migration at the Borders” Nefise Ela Gökalp Aras
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Nefise Ela Gökalp Aras1
A Bio-political Governance: The European Union’s Policy on Irregular Transit Migration at the Borders2
Along with economic interdependence and societal transnationalism that underline “human” dimension of globalization (Castles and Miller 2008), international migration has become gradually the subject of global governance.3 The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) states that in 2013, there were 232 million people, i.e. 3.2 per cent of the world’s population who lived outside their country of origin and categorized as “migrants” (UNFPA 2015). The growth and spread of this population has been fuelling states, international organisations and the other transnational governance networks as well as inter-agency mechanisms for cooperation for better regulation, management and control of international migration.
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