Formal and Informal Institutions
“The Rivalry between Turkey and Iran in the Middle East Region” Bülent Uğrasız
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The Rivalry between Turkey and Iran in the Middle East Region
Iran’s 1979 Islamic Republic, a revolutionary theocracy, is the antithesis of Ataturk’s secular republic. After Iran’s 1979 Islamic revolution, Iran also threatened the identity of the Turkish state. Iran’s Islamic Republic saw Turkish secularism and Ankara’s close ties to the United States as a threat to its revolutionary Islamic ideology. The two states regarded each other cautiously after 1979. But economic ties between the two countries expanded heavily. During Iran-Iraq war, Turkey maintained strong ties to both states. In 2002, Justice and Development Party obtained the majority in the parliament primarily focused on the West. The Turkish elite focused its attention on strengthening ties with the West especially in gaining admission to the European Union rather than establishing closer ties to the Middle East.
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