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Concepts as Correlates of Lexical Labels

A Cognitivist Perspective

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Slawomir Wacewicz

The study of language becomes particularly attractive when it is not practised as an isolated descriptive enterprise, but when it has wide-ranging implications for the study of the human mind. Such is the spirit of this book. While categorisation may be the single most basic cognitive process in organisms, and as an area of inquiry, it is fundamental to Cognitive Science as a whole, at the other end of the spectrum, high-level cognition is organised and permeated by language, giving rise to categories that count and function as concepts. Working from considering the philosophical assumptions of the cognitivist perspective, this study offers an argument for a very productive understanding of the relation between concepts, categories, and their theoretical models.
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2. Intrasystemic and extrasystemic principles of concept individuation

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2. Intrasystemic and extrasystemic principles of concept individuation

In the second chapter of my work, I further develop questions related to the perspective of study. The specific goal to be achieved in this chapter is to discuss in detail and substantiate the crucial research decision, that is the choice of the psychological point of view on concepts, whereby they are understood as a kind of mental representation internal to individual cognitive systems. This decision is already implicit in the cognitivist approach presented in Chapter 1; however, as a fundamental issue, it will be supported by a more exhaustive argument.

2.1 Existential status of concepts

This section (2.1.) develops questions related to the ontological dimension of concepts. The structural framework for the contents presented in this section is informed by extant analyses by the philosophers of mind, notably those by Eric Margolis and Stephen Laurence (especially Laurence and Margolis 1999, 2007, and Margolis and Laurence 2006).

2.1.1 I-language and E-language60

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