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Broadcast Policy in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Power Structures, Programming, Cooperation and Defiance at Czech Radio 1939-1945

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Peter Richard Pinard

Hitler’s regime invested heavily into radio as the most modern media of its era. First in Germany, later in Austria and the Sudetenland, Joseph Goebbels motivated his Volksgenossen to become active radio listeners. But what approach did the regime take to the first non-German people occupied – the Czechs? How would Czech Radio’s staff and listeners respond to Nazi-dominated programming? What strategies of defiance and what options for cooperation existed? What role did Nazism’s core theme of anti-Semitism play? Which Czech societal groups did the Nazis try to reach most? This book casts a spotlight on the effects of the occupation authorities’ policies on specific programming content, as well as on radio as a medium in the so-called Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
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12. Epilogue

← 340 | 341 → 12. Epilogue

Extract

Let us now review the effects that the Nazi occupation had on the lives of the main people involved in the broadcasting in the Protectorate. We will review them according to their positions in the hierarchy of power around and at Czech Radio and in a basically chronological order. In the unhappy tradition of the Protectorate, we will deal with German matters first. After leaving the Office of the Reichs Protector in 1942, Karl Freiherr von Gregory took a post at the German Embassy in Bucharest. There he went missing when Bucharest fell to Soviet forces in the Summer of 1944. Tim Fauth reported that Gregory died in prison in Moscow in 1955.1031 According to Čvančara, his press adviser, Wolfgang Wolfram von Wolmar, was called up for military service and led troops fighting partisans in Italy, Yugoslavia and also in Slovakia, where he sustained wounds, but ultimately survived the war.1032 Wolmar lived in hiding in Austria under a false name until 1950, but later moved to West Germany, where he was safe from extradition. In Germany, he continued working as a journalist, for instance for the Sudetendeutsche Zeitung for German expellees from Czechoslovakia. He died in 1987.1033

After leaving Prague, Lothar Scurla was also drafted into the military. The last listing for him with the office that keeps track of the fates of Wehrmacht soldiers in Berlin, the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt), was as the commander of staff quarters with the 4. Luftwaffen-Felddivision in May of 1944.1034 According...

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