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The Legacy of Crimes and Crises

Transitional Justice, Domestic Change and the Role of the International Community

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Edited By Klaus Bachmann and Dorota Heidrich

The book shows how transitional justice experiences influence domestic change and what the role of the international community in these processes is. It is divided into three thematic parts. The first one presents regional and local transitional justice efforts, aiming at showing different mechanisms implemented within transitional justice mechanisms. The following part deals with the role and impact of international criminal tribunals set up to prosecute grave human rights abuses. The third part is devoted to the role of the international community in mass atrocity crimes prevention. The contributions prove that transitional justice measures are not universal. Rather, they must be characterized by the principle of local ownership and be crafted to circumstances on the ground.
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Patrick Wegner - Regional and Local Perceptions of Justice and their Impact on International Investigations

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Patrick Wegner1

Regional and Local Perceptions of Justice and Their Impact on ICC Investigations – The Case of Uganda

Based on a literature overview of transitional justice research and case studies of the Lord’s Resistance Army conflict in Central Africa, this chapter argues that the current research on transitional justice has a tendency to neglect some contextual variables important to assess the impact of transitional justice in areas like democratization, protection of Human Rights, and its impact on conflict dynamics. This is particularly true for the quantitative research. The chapter starts with a short overview of the current stage of transitional justice research to illustrate how most of the research neglects context variables. It then moves on to the case study of the International Criminal Court (ICC) investigations in Uganda to show how one of these context variables, namely justice perceptions, influences both the effects of international investigations as well as local concepts of transitional justice. This chapter is based on research conducted on the impact of ICC investigations in conflict contexts in the scope of a PhD project. The chapter will thus focus on international investigations and trials, specifically those undertaken by the ICC. Nevertheless, the chapter also discusses the implications of the findings for transitional justice research in general.2 ← 27 | 28 →

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