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Twenty-First Century Biopolitics

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Bogdana Koljevic

What are phenomena of contemporary biopolitics in the twenty-first century? Foucault’s theory of biopolitics as neoliberalism is opposed to post-political theories developed by Agamben, Hardt and Negri and as such – more instructive. Because microstrategy of power is not Foucault’s final word on politics, political genealogy opens the space for creative and local critique of biopolitics. And if military interventions, terrorism and wars against terrorism are exemplary phenomena of biopolitics, bellum justum is a contradictio in adjecto. In response to such biopolitics, the relation between sovereignty and democracy is re-examined and we are entering a time of small revolutions.
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The Occupy Movement – Simulation Or The Initial Step Of Resistance?

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If we have attempted, in our previous chapter, to sketch the philosophical issue of the so-called Arab Spring as a contemporary phenomenon with numerous potential implications for the rethinking and practice of the political, this questioning, on the other hand, has already led us to the significance of articulating another manifestation – the Occupy Movement as a specific form of Western riot against the existing order. Although of European origins, the appearance of such a movement has its most notable shape in US gathering, i.e. in the collection which took place in the heart of the Empire, and therefore, our attention will mainly be directed to this location.79 For if, on the one hand, the Occupy Movement clearly had its exemplary inspiration in the Arab Spring80 – and in such light is conceptualized to represent a form of the rise of the West, i.e. a Western response to the biopolitics of the West – it is simultaneously clear that its most famous form is precisely the Occupy Wall Street (OWS), as the event in the heart of contemporary capitalistic politics.

Doubtlessly, reactions and interpretations of this riot vary from uncritical glorification and the statements which referred to it as the crossroads of world events, to the refutation of OWS as a scam and simulation organized by the system. Such reactions appear in one aspect as passion with the respect to the desires for authentic transformations, much more than as conclusions of objective analysis of causes and effects of this...

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