Teaching articles to ESL learners with GBL and scaffolding
Edward Gillian, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Abstract Teaching the use of the English articles a, an, and the in written sentences to teenage Polish students is a very difficult teaching task as the Polish language expresses these concepts in very different ways to English (Arabski 1979, Ekiert 2005, Zabor 2011). The aim of current research is to employ the Game Based Learning (GBL) approach combined with the cognitive-based approach of scaffolding (Vygotsky 1978), to ameliorate these difficulties and aid the students’ learning of these concepts. In this paper, the development of an e-learning tool (Gillian 2012-2014) will be outlined. The paper will discuss how the Adaptive and Reusable Educational Game (AREG model) (Zarraonandia et al. 2012) and Vygotsky’s cognitive approach will be utilised in this tool. Through the use of these components and this tool, a more individualised, effective, and motivating game experience will be designed for a wider range of English as Second Language (ESL) learners.
Keywords: articles; GBL; Vygotsky; scaffolding; e-learning
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