Theory and research- Current Problems
Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka
Manifestations of Aggression in Prisoners and their Selected Determinants
Behavioural disturbances can occur at any period of life. Their symptoms (type, intensity, frequency) depend on subjective, environmental and situational conditions. Their occurrence has aroused some concern because of their frequency and often high social cost. Although interest in research on the disturbances of externalisation has increased, many problems remain unsolved. Disturbances in externalisation behaviour bring more negative consequences to the social environment than to the individual being its source. The occurrence of disturbances in externalisation behaviour indicate disturbances in adaptation to social life. Their extreme form is criminal behaviour. The disturbances are often manifested as aggressive reactions and are interpreted as indicators of the level of aggression. The occurrence of disturbances has been related to poor control of the subject over his/her behaviour (cf. Tyszkowa, 1972). Some authors searching for factors responsible for aggressive behaviour concentrate on the construct “readiness for aggression.”
Aggression as a disturbance in behaviour
The concept of aggression is understood by psychologists as:
It is supposed that the life orientation mentioned above is based on the subjects’ idea about the character of the social world which determines the choice of a use-of-force strategy in social situations. It can be related to the perception of others as threatening the subject’s interests and as being weaker than the subject, which makes the decision to attack them seem rational. It is also related to the active search for signals indicating possible threats to realisation of the subject’s interests and the...
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