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Aggression as a Challenge

Theory and research- Current Problems

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

We live in a world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence. These phenomena are viewed as constructs of the mind, types of behaviour, particular experiences and emotional states, specific social interactions or even historical and political categories such as social movements, wars, angry social protests etc. The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their determinants in various environments in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. It is an attempt to join the global discussion on reaction conditions and key points that are connected with the risk of pathologization of the personality and its behaviour.
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Manifestations of Aggression in Prisoners and their Selected Determinants


Behavioural disturbances can occur at any period of life. Their symptoms (type, intensity, frequency) depend on subjective, environmental and situational conditions. Their occurrence has aroused some concern because of their frequency and often high social cost. Although interest in research on the disturbances of externalisation has increased, many problems remain unsolved. Disturbances in externalisation behaviour bring more negative consequences to the social environment than to the individual being its source. The occurrence of disturbances in externalisation behaviour indicate disturbances in adaptation to social life. Their extreme form is criminal behaviour. The disturbances are often manifested as aggressive reactions and are interpreted as indicators of the level of aggression. The occurrence of disturbances has been related to poor control of the subject over his/her behaviour (cf. Tyszkowa, 1972). Some authors searching for factors responsible for aggressive behaviour concentrate on the construct “readiness for aggression.”

Aggression as a disturbance in behaviour

The concept of aggression is understood by psychologists as:

It is supposed that the life orientation mentioned above is based on the subjects’ idea about the character of the social world which determines the choice of a use-of-force strategy in social situations. It can be related to the perception of others as threatening the subject’s interests and as being weaker than the subject, which makes the decision to attack them seem rational. It is also related to the active search for signals indicating possible threats to realisation of the subject’s interests and the...

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