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Aggression as a Challenge

Theory and research- Current Problems

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

We live in a world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence. These phenomena are viewed as constructs of the mind, types of behaviour, particular experiences and emotional states, specific social interactions or even historical and political categories such as social movements, wars, angry social protests etc. The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their determinants in various environments in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. It is an attempt to join the global discussion on reaction conditions and key points that are connected with the risk of pathologization of the personality and its behaviour.
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Peer Sexual Abuse. Diagnosis of the Phenomenon, Perpetrators and their Therapy

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Introduction

Abuse and aggression of children and youth towards their peers is one of the most frequently discussed issues with relevance of the people of this age. However, little attention is paid to sexual abuse, although there are numerous factors which make peer sexual abuse more and more important a problem to mention with the media full of sexual content, easy access to pornography, changes in rules pertaining to gender roles, playing gender roles which are not ascribed to a given phase of life, the trend of the shifting limits of childhood and adulthood, changing sexual customs of the youth, and the phenomenon of sexualization of childhood, particularly in the case of girls (Wąż, 2010). The most measurable symptom of such changes is the drop in the age of sexual initiation. Research of 2010 showed that among 15–16 years olds, 20% of the boys and 13.7% of the girls had already engaged in sex. Among those 17–18 years old, the proportions were as high as 45.3% (boys) and 38.5% (girls) (Mazur, Małkowska-Szkutnik, 2011). The findings of research also show that the value of this indicator is gradually growing. Within the last 20 years (1990–2010), the proportion of young people after sexual initiation grew by a few (2–9) percentage points (a higher increase in the older age groups), whereas for girls it grew by as much as 2–3 times (a higher increase in the group of aged 15–16 years) (Izdebski,...

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