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Aggression as a Challenge

Theory and research- Current Problems

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

We live in a world of phenomena created by the human mind and by human experience, namely conflict, aggression, aggressiveness and violence. These phenomena are viewed as constructs of the mind, types of behaviour, particular experiences and emotional states, specific social interactions or even historical and political categories such as social movements, wars, angry social protests etc. The study explores the notions of aggression and violence and from an individual and a social perspective analyses their determinants in various environments in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. It is an attempt to join the global discussion on reaction conditions and key points that are connected with the risk of pathologization of the personality and its behaviour.
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Anger and Attachment of Children Growing up in Kinship-based Foster Families



This article refers to perceived anger among children in late childhood who were raised in biological and kinship-based foster families consisting of the grandmother and/or grandfather, and how they cope with it. The focus is on this form of foster care because of the nature of the problems that can be connected with it and because it is the most popular form of foster care in Poland. The results of the study have been deepened with the prospect of attachment in the context of understanding aggression in children. According to attachment theory (Bowlby, 2007), some unsafe forms of ties are associated with difficult and aggressive behaviours of children (e.g., disorganized attachment). The authors have used the Security Scale devised by K. Kerns to see if aggression is associated with a lower sense of security, both in children growing up in their biological families, as well as those in kinship foster families in which grandparents are the caregivers.

The study concerns the attachment relationship of children during late childhood growing up in biological and kinship foster families consisting of the grandmother and/or grandfather. At this stage of the development of attachment, it can be observed that its behavioral system is extended to mental representations, and moreover, the attachment security becomes more generalized (becomes a relatively permanent personality dimension). The importance of peer relations also increases, with the still dominant relationship being that with parents (Kerns et al., 2006; Kobak et. al., 2005, Liberman et...

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