Edited By Fred Dervin and Regis Machart
Inter-Campus Exchange as Specific Study Abroad in Australia, Malaysia and South Africa
Key indicators of academic mobility in Australia
Today, international student mobility remains the main form of cross-border higher education, and in the Asia-Pacific region, overseas educational programs are fast becoming the most common form of student mobility and migration (Vincent-Lancrin, 2008, p. 255), a phenomenon often referred to as “transnational higher education” (Wallace & Dunn, 2013). Australia is considered one of the three major players along with the United States and the United Kingdom (Verbik & Lasanowski, 2007), and appears to be the most successful exporter of higher education in the Asia-Pacific region. According to Australian Government statistics, the Australian Education International (n.d.) reports that in 2009–10, education exports accounted for around 36% of total service exports, totalling $19.1 billion. Education services remain Australia’s third largest export, behind coal and iron ore ($46 billion and $30.2 billion respectively in 2009–2010). Like the United States and New Zealand, Australia espouses trade liberalisation practices in education, which has rapidly gained the status of a major export industry (McBurnie & Ziguras, 2006).
The latest international figures compiled by Chouhada and Chang (2012) confirm this trend, and rate Australia as the fourth leading country to benefit from such accelerated growth, after the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada, boasting a 43% increase in enrolments between 2002 and 2009. The Australian tertiary sector saw a significant decline in international enrolments in 2010 and 2011 (about 8.9% on the previous year), which the researchers attribute to changes...
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