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Journalism that Matters

Views from Central and Eastern Europe

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Edited By Michał Głowacki, Epp Lauk and Auksė Balčytienė

This collective effort of Central and Eastern European (CEE) scholars investigates and compares journalism cultures in a selection of CEE countries. Simultaneously with dramatic societal and political changes, CEE journalisms undergo a technological revolution and the global repercussions of the economic crisis. According to the authors of this volume, the national cultural factors and traditions play an important role in professionalization and democratization of journalism cultures. The book critically examines some of the identified developments, such as shifting roles and functions of the media and journalists or interpretations of occupational self-regulation as genuine phenomena of CEE journalisms rather than deviations from the Western professional ideology of journalism.
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Editors’ Introduction

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Media around the world are nowadays being challenged by social change, the rise of digital ecosystems and practices enabling media users to actively contribute to the process of media-making. The ‘blurring’ border between producers and consumers, technological developments, emerging economic models as well as the rise of creative publics generate both opportunities and challenges for the development of journalism in the fast-changing information society. All of this has an impact on journalism culture, which is complex, diverse and might be treated as a multilayered analytical prism.

Changes in journalism culture in different national environments have been studied for years. The notion of journalism culture has been analyzed by using different perspectives, namely as media ethics, accountability, changes in the structure of profession, generational shifts, relations with politics, public, civil society, and so on. Overall, all of this has become subject of conferences, such as “Matters of Journalism: Understanding Professional Challenges and Dilemmas” organized by the Polish Communication Association and University of Gdańsk in 2012, “The Future of Journalism in an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty” organized by the Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies in 2013 and – more recently – the meeting of Journalism Studies Section at ECREA in Thessaloniki, entitled “Journalism in Transition: Crisis or Opportunity?” Moreover, journalism cultures have become the focus of several international research projects, just to mention a few – “Global Journalist in the 21st Century,” “Worlds of Journalism Study,” and “Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT)...

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