Hard Rock – the First Era 1960 – 1967
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We view the term post-rock and roll to include the music of The Beatles (1958), The Animals (1962), The Rolling Stones (1962), The Who (1963), The Yardbirds (1963 – 1968), The Kinks (1962), The Beach Boys (1961), The Byrds (1964), John Mayall and others. They form a bridge between rock and roll, pop songs and the upcoming era of hard rock between 1960 and 1967. The terminology associated with this music is fairly inconsistent. Theoreticians consider these groups to be hard rock, although they oscillate between the terms “pop songs” and “hard rock”. Also, the music of other emerging musicians in the second half of 1960s (such as The Doors, 1965; Jimi Hendrix, 1966; Janis Joplin, 1966; Eric Clapton and Cream, 1966-1969; Carlos Santana, 1966; Black Sabbath, 1967; Deep Purple, 1967; Led Zeppelin, 1968) is considered to be hard rock. The initial era starting in 1960 was defined by the emergence of The Beatles (“The Silver Beatles”) and the gradual development of the British scene which was to change the nature of the “group phenomenon”. The singer was no longer considered to be a soloist separated from the rest of the musicians as he had been with earlier swing and Tin Pan Alley sweet music. The composer and lyricist were no longer external collaborators and the group had become a creative workshop for the author’s song, music-making and lyrics, as well as his musical interpretation. At the same time, there are obvious divergences between the groups – especially those of the early...
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