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On the History of Rock Music

Yvetta Kajanová

On the History of Rock Music follows the development of rock music from its origins up to the present time. It focuses on the relationship between the sound, improvisations and rhythms in particular styles, and gives specific attention to the development of rhythm. The beat-offbeat principle, polyrhythms and polymetrics are fundamental to rock rhythm patterns, which serve as archetypes for specific rhythms. An archetype is a prototype, a model, or an innate experience of a species. Using more than 250 score examples, the author identifies the characteristic rhythmic patterns in rock styles, ranging from rock and roll, hard rock and punk rock to alternative rock, indie rock and grind core.
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New Wave

← 86 | 87 →New Wave


was a continuation of punk rock development at the turn of the 1970s and 1980s. New wave musicians wanted to show pop music in a new perspective by employing parody and irony; they quoted, imitated and ridiculed performers from the earlier rock music eras. They also brought new sounds created by the guitar, keyboards, bass guitar and drums which reflected some compromises to the disco sound and the electronic music of the time. Talking Heads, Blondie, Elvis Costello and The Attractions used keyboard instruments such as an organ, Hammond organ, piano, synthesizers and clavinet, which they also complemented with other instruments not traditionally used in this style, such as the steel guitar, saxophone, trumpet, trombone, clarinet and violin. New wave music did not avoid sophistication in the harmony; besides punk rock triads on the basic scale degrees and their substitutions, tetrachords and dissonant chords were also used. Tunes were based on the diatonic system with occasional use of additional chromatic tones; however, the major-minor harmonic system was generally preferred. New wave musicians retained the expressiveness and expressivity of punk rock in their guitar and drum sounds which they inserted to parody disco or electronic rock. They imitated punk rockers’ unclear singing intonations although they, unlike punk rockers, were cultivated artists and not amateurs who were unable to sing properly. However, they achieved expressiveness in their singing by using a “fluctuating melodic intonation” with paradotic glissandos in big interval moves which has become typical of new wave.

The key...

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