Exonerating Luke from an Ancestral Exegetical and Theological Burden
1. The Parable of the throne claimant1(Lk 19:11–28)
1.1 Greek Text
1.2 English Translation
2. The Context of the parable
The parable of the throne claimant is the last in the series of parables, which Luke allowed Jesus to begin with “a (certain) man” (ἄνϑρωπός τις).2 In addition, it belongs to the double tradition.3 It follows the narrative, which thematised the ← 164 | 165 → meeting of Jesus with Zacchaeus and the salvation that Jesus brought to his household (Lk 19:1–10), and should be imagined as having been told still within the place of Zacchaeus.4 The Greek word προσϑεὶς shows the immediate position of the parable to the episode with Zacchaeus. Lk 19:11 and Lk 19:28 serve as the frame (inclusio) of the story with the mention of Jerusalem as the destination of Jesus.5 It is also quite remarkable that the entrance into Jerusalem formed the next pericope. The parable prepares the regal/triumphant appearance of Jesus in the next episode.6 The beginning of the narrative with ἀκουόντων δὲ αὐτῶν ταῦτα, a genitive absolute,7 guides against effecting/introducing any significant structural alienation from the story of Zacchaeus8 since the motifs of the previous sections continue, especially the time of salvation (19:9 and 11), the journeys (19:1 and 11) and the mood of his audience (19:8,15,24).9 Besides, the salvation shown to the house of Zacchaeus could be the motivating factor for the expectation of the promised salvation...
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