Exonerating Luke from an Ancestral Exegetical and Theological Burden
1. The Hubris of Herod: God’s wrath on an arrogant king
The Lukan dislike for domination and oppression extends to all facets of his double work. Some texts in his gospel have shown what role this theme plays in his theology. In Acts, Luke did not derail from this theme. He avails the reader the opportunity of a concrete example of the danger of power and oppression: One sees himself in the position of God, convinced of ones omnipotence. The hubris of Herod exemplifies this conviction.
1.2 Text and Translation of Acts 12: 20–24
1.2.1 Greek text
1.2.2 English Translation
2. The Context of the death of Herod
Our text would not have any meaning if it were not seen as belonging to a macro-context. The whole of chapter 12 is a unit,1 because only in the correct contextualisation within this twelfth chapter is a correct analysis of our micro-text dealing with Herod’s death possible. At the first glance, our text of Acts 12:20–24 appears to be out of place. However, a correct reading reveals the connectedness of the whole chapter, which could be summarised thus: For the reader, the death of Herod becomes imperative after being intimated on the malicious intentions and actions of Herod, who not only attacks the church, but also failed to give God ← 234 | 235 → His glory.2 The shift from Antioch to Jerusalem...
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