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The Apologetic Revisited

Exonerating Luke from an Ancestral Exegetical and Theological Burden

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Innocent Emezie Ezeani

The trend in the scholarship of Luke has been that of presenting Luke as being interested in the survival of Christianity within the Power apparatus of the Roman world. To achieve this pivotal aim, he seems to overlook the abysmal social maladies and wrongdoings of the Powerful of his time hoping not to endanger the peace and tranquility of Christianity. The intention of this research, however, is to show the defiance and fearlessness of Luke in dealing with the rich and the Powerful. He did not compromise the basic teachings of Christianity even in his respect for the constituted profane Authorities of the Roman order. A second proper look beholds the critical dynamics of his Gospel and the Acts, beginning with the Magnificat running through the angelic Annunciation scene and the Temptation of Jesus and ending with the punishment of Herod Agrippa. The reader beholds a hitherto unknown Luke, who operates from a particular critical stance and distance to the Powerful from the sociological perspective of hidden transcripts.
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Chapter 8

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1. Conclusion

The aim and intention of the dissertation is to explore the Lukan theology from a different perspective. Although it has been ancestral working out the repudiation of Luke concerning the social dichotomy between the rich and the poor, little has been done to work out the critical stance of Luke to the powerful, their thoughts and imaginations. The preoccupation with the six texts in the double work of Luke is hopefully unambigous in portraying the interest of Luke within the theme of dominion and power. This interest is understandable in as much as a general evaluation with its recurrent theme in the Lukan scholarship has always been one of seeing Luke as doing a theology of appeasement: He purposely chose to present the powerful and those with and in authority in the most positive light of history. With this stance, he hopes to see Christianity attain the status of a religio licita as a religion that does not pose any potential harm for the state. A neutral observation will not only acknowledge the half-truth of this observation, it will however state clearly the sheer futility involved in the reduction of the whole theological work of Luke to an appeasement theology.

The yield of the research into the theme of power and dominion could be summarised as follows: Although Luke presents some positive images of the ruling class in his gospel, he however, never hesitates to attack the powerful and the ruling class...

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