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Problems of Methodology and Philosophy in Linguistics


Ireneusz Bobrowski

The book is not only dedicated to linguists, but also to readers who are not familiar with notations developed in linguistics. The first part of the study presents philosophical justifications for linguistic settlements. These are based on the phenomenological reduction of Edmund Husserl, Karl R. Popper’s falsificationism, the moderate rationalism of science of Izydora Dąmbska and Andrzej Bogusławski’s lack of the nomological explanation in linguistics. The second part presents a re-examination of the solutions proposed in the field of linguistics, some new philosophical explanations and a discussion of the truth of linguistic propositions.
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About the Coexistence of Paradigms in Today’s Linguistics Once Again


At the end of the previous part of this book we discussed the subject of mutual relations between parallel scientific paradigms. Naturally, in a longer time perspective one can observe changes that occur in the hitherto prevailing paradigms under the influence of new paradigms and it is also true that the creators of new paradigms often discover valuable solutions in epigonic paradigms. However, if we make an effort not to view the coexistence of paradigms diachronically, but to observe the discussion led by the representatives of different paradigms, the picture presented at the end of the first part of this book may loose its optimistic character.

The general spirit may get even lower if we take into account the fact that the four paradigms which I have previously presented are drawers into which some specimens are often crammed by force. For in present-day linguistics more and more new groups of researchers appear and it is a very difficult task to brand them all with the appropriate labels. In this chapter we shall discuss the problems which may occur in the process of communication between the representatives of various linguistic groups. We shall wonder if such a communication is possible. The issue of new approaches in linguistics will return in subsequent parts of the book.

In the beginning of the new millennium The Committee on Linguistics of the Polish Academy of Science patronized the debate on the condition of linguistics and its perspectives in Poland....

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