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Problems of Methodology and Philosophy in Linguistics


Ireneusz Bobrowski

The book is not only dedicated to linguists, but also to readers who are not familiar with notations developed in linguistics. The first part of the study presents philosophical justifications for linguistic settlements. These are based on the phenomenological reduction of Edmund Husserl, Karl R. Popper’s falsificationism, the moderate rationalism of science of Izydora Dąmbska and Andrzej Bogusławski’s lack of the nomological explanation in linguistics. The second part presents a re-examination of the solutions proposed in the field of linguistics, some new philosophical explanations and a discussion of the truth of linguistic propositions.
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Introduction:From the Methodology to the Philosophy of Linguistics


Introduction: From the Methodology to the Philosophy of Linguistics

Within the scope of contemporary theoretical thought there exists a conventional distinction between the methodology and the philosophy of science, however the limits that divide these two terms are certainly not clear. Moreover, the philosophy of science itself is differently perceived by various authors. In this introductory chapter I shortly outline the range of both domains. Then, against the background of such an outline, I present the differences between methodology and philosophy in linguistics, as well as a general, yet possibly precise overview of my own concept of the philosophy of linguistics. Finally, for the purpose of further deliberations, I attempt to mould the scope of five disciplines that remain relatively closely related. I refer to the methodology of linguistics, metalinguistics, the philosophy of language, linguistic philosophy and the philosophy of linguistics. In this book I try to separate these disciplines whenever possible.

In the framework of the classical conception of philosophy, the methodology of science could be replaced with the term philosophy of science, for philosophy was thought to be composed of three major disciplines – metaphysics, epistemology and logics – that deal with three domains: being, thought and language. Methodology was considered a branch of logics. However, today’s philosophy grants methodology a territory different from the one dedicated to the philosophy of science. Generally speaking, methodology deals with ways of deriving scientific judgments, whereas the philosophy of science seeks philosophical foundations of premises accepted by researchers who...

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