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Quaternion of the Examples of a Philosophical Influence: Schopenhauer-Dostoevsky-Nietzsche-Cioran

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Daria Lebedeva

The philosophical influence is a concept, a methodological tool and a process worth inquiring, because it sets the frame for the philosopher’s contribution into tradition. This study takes a close look at the philosophical influence on the dependence and inter-dependence between ideas and concepts, currents and tendencies and the experiences that every philosopher inherited from past tradition. It also presents four philosophers in order to identify the roots of influence: Arthur Schopenhauer, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche and Emil Cioran.
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2. Arthur Schopenhauer: if not a total pessimist, but the influential figure for the modern pessimism

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“The more I read the pessimists, the more I love life. After reading Schopenhauer, I always feel like a bridegroom on his wedding night. Schopenhauer is right to maintain that life is a dream. But he is wrong to condemn illusions, instead of cultivating them…”43

“Schopenhauer, the pessimist, had a sufficiently optimistic conviction that his message to the world would ultimately be listened to – a conviction that never failed him during a lifetime of disappointments, of neglect in quarters where perhaps he would have most cherished appreciation; a conviction that only showed some signs of being justified a few years before his death. Schopenhauer was no opportunist; he was not even conciliatory; he never hesitated to declare his own faith in himself, in his principles, in his philosophy;  he did not ask to be listened to as a matter of courtesy but as a right- a right for which he would struggle, for which he fought, and which has in the course of time, it may be admitted, been conceded to him. Although everything that Schopenhauer wrote was written more or less as evidence to support his main philosophical thesis, his unifying philosophical principle44”

The aim of this second chapter is to begin in concrete examples presenting philosophers through the prism of emphasizing the matter of influence – before (becoming a philosopher) and after (subsequent pupils) - starting the voyage with Arthur Schopenhauer, 19th century German philosopher. As long as the issue of philosophical influence is...

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