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Challenges to Representative Democracy

A European Perspective

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Robert Wiszniowski

Using different perspectives and various approaches, this collection of diagnostic texts aims at presenting all the possible faces of the contemporary Nation-State. Based on political science methodology, this volume is devoted to both theory and practice. The structure of the book is unconventional. The issues presented are extremely contextual, subject to an ongoing discussion and mostly unpredictable. From the scientific point of view, the territorial differentiation in the traditional uniform of the Nation-State is simply reconfigured and reshaped due to the new logic of internal market competition.
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Preface

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Michael Keating (2003) writes about: “(…) the transformation of state, the emergence of a European level of government, and the necessary inter-dependence of all various levels” (p. 114). Similar issues are presented in the book: Challenges to Representative Democracy which offers an extremely serious discussion concerning the future of the Nation-State from the practical as well as theoretical point of view. It can be stated that the European and international politics and their impact on the domestic politics of the Nation-States is clearly observed. However, such a laconic interpretation is not an illusionary vision, in fact we generate the new forms of political restoration. Otherwise, “(…) in an era of radical transformation, ambitious institution building and challenges to traditional political structures and identities, the recreation of civil society ‘a public sphere’ congruent with these changes is perhaps the greatest challenge facing Europe today” (Rhodes, Heywood, Wright 1997, p. 15). There is no doubt that the States have been affected by the rise of economic and political globalization and the European integration processes. Moreover, “As societies become now more complex and fluid, new methods of governing had to be devised that relied less on hierarchical state institutions and more networks and the market, thus blurring the distinction between state and society” (Heywood 2007, p. 104).

Erik Oddvar Erriksen and John Erik Fossum (2004) propose the three key strategies that can be used to “repair” the EU’s legitimacy deficits. Those strategies are based on the three different conceptions of rationality:...

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