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Challenges to Representative Democracy

A European Perspective


Robert Wiszniowski

Using different perspectives and various approaches, this collection of diagnostic texts aims at presenting all the possible faces of the contemporary Nation-State. Based on political science methodology, this volume is devoted to both theory and practice. The structure of the book is unconventional. The issues presented are extremely contextual, subject to an ongoing discussion and mostly unpredictable. From the scientific point of view, the territorial differentiation in the traditional uniform of the Nation-State is simply reconfigured and reshaped due to the new logic of internal market competition.
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Amorphousness of a state in a postmodern international system


Teresa Łoś-Nowak

University of Wrocław, Poland

The history of a modern world seems to prove that a state as a participant of international relations still remains one of the most relevant elements of an international system. Although the state changes itself independently, it adapts to new surroundings. Moreover, the history of a postmodern world seems to prove that the state, like few other participants of the international relations, has big adaptive abilities to this dynamic and changeable environment. These adaptive abilities enabled it in the past and enable it today to find itself in postmodernity, to “enroll” into a new reality, to take new challenges, raising at the same time its attractiveness as a political institution, national and cultural community, the symbol of the historical continuity of existence.

The communities with the features close to a state model have existed “since forever.” They have enriched, in the process of development and adaptation, the organizational forms and the mechanisms of actions, enhancing their position in the international system but, first of all, widening the range of sovereign authority over a territory and a population. From the perspective of the history of the international relations, the treaties from Münster and Osnabrück signed in October 1648 after the end of Thirty Years’ War are the novelty while taking into account a state essence and its development potential. They introduced into the international system the fundamental solutions concerning the state, its territoriality...

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