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The Impact of Climate Change on Sub-Sahara Africa

Case Studies in Cameroon, Nigeria and Uganda


Chukwuemeka Christopher Opara and Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima

While global warming and its consequences on humanity are being fiercely debated at the global scale, deliberate and pragmatic reflections on the subject in Sub-Sahara Africa remain muted, though this phenomenon is negatively impacting the livelihoods of her people. The unprecedented degradation of her natural resources, i.e., water, biodiversity, and soils are seen to be intricately linked to her increasing inability to meet the basic needs of her people. This book examines how global climate change impacts on Sub-Sahara Africa, the measures and strategies that would be used in facing it and actions presently implemented in combating it. A pragmatic community/state engagement synergy on climate change mitigation initiatives that rewards best practices is critical to its success. Though investments in research, technical know-how, dedicated commitment and dissemination mechanisms would be inevitable to draw the continent from the precipice, the role of regulatory enforcement mechanisms and a legal framework addressing land use rights permissible within given landscapes is seen to be central to the success of this endeavor.
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Physical and economic consequences of climate change in select-countries of Sub-Sahara Africa



Globally, climate change is increasingly emerging as a serious threat to economic growth, social well-being, quality of life and political stability. The African continent is particularly vulnerable to the various manifestations of climate change for many reasons: widespread poverty; reliance on biomass and traditional energy sources; recurrent droughts; inequitable land distribution; and over-dependence on rain-fed agriculture. Climate change phenomenon comes with it increases in temperatures, decline in rainfall amounts, increases in sea levels, uncontrollable coastal erosion, unpredictable seasons of years, desert encroachment and flooding. Creating awareness among local people, concentrating development efforts in rural communities in Africa and promoting alternative sources of energy and energy sovereignty are recommended for the mitigation of the problems posed by climate change at the local level. At the regional level, the collection, synthesis and analysis of climate data for the purpose of forecasting climatic changes is desirable. Building the capacity of African scientists and policy makers and integrating many disciplines, methods of analysis and strategies in tackling the menace are recommended also.

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