Case Studies in Cameroon, Nigeria and Uganda
Physical and economic consequences of climate change in select-countries of Sub-Sahara Africa
Globally, climate change is increasingly emerging as a serious threat to economic growth, social well-being, quality of life and political stability. The African continent is particularly vulnerable to the various manifestations of climate change for many reasons: widespread poverty; reliance on biomass and traditional energy sources; recurrent droughts; inequitable land distribution; and over-dependence on rain-fed agriculture. Climate change phenomenon comes with it increases in temperatures, decline in rainfall amounts, increases in sea levels, uncontrollable coastal erosion, unpredictable seasons of years, desert encroachment and flooding. Creating awareness among local people, concentrating development efforts in rural communities in Africa and promoting alternative sources of energy and energy sovereignty are recommended for the mitigation of the problems posed by climate change at the local level. At the regional level, the collection, synthesis and analysis of climate data for the purpose of forecasting climatic changes is desirable. Building the capacity of African scientists and policy makers and integrating many disciplines, methods of analysis and strategies in tackling the menace are recommended also.
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