Bolivia in the 20th Century
Bolivia is where Che Guevara’s life story came to an end in 1967. To this day it is not entirely clear why Fidel Castro’s closest friend and associate left Cuba. It is also not entirely clear why he chose Bolivia as his next battlefield. Everything seems to indicate that he didn’t particularly care about Bolivia as such but wanted to implement the idea of a continent-wide revolution. This may have been due not only to the overall global strategy but also to more specific circumstances. The USSR’s lack of involvement in the Vietnam War made the Cuban leadership nervous about the political security of its own achievements759. A continental revolution was in Cuba’s interest – just as expansion toward the west of Europe in 1920 had seemed to be in the interest of the revolutionary Russia, at the same time presenting itself as a fulfilment of the logic of history. The thought of maintaining the guerrilla which had operated in Peru a short time earlier probably recurred to Cuban strategists and in a way mirrored the Bolsheviks’ actions to keep up the revolution in Germany760. In a peculiar paradox – or perhaps the expression of the logic of history – it was the USSR that was unhappy with the attempts to start a continental revolution and – if later Russian reports are to be believed – opposed Guevara’s undertaking outright. In July 1967 in Havana, Prime Minister Kosygin supposedly even threatened to break off relations with Cuba if it lent support to Che761...
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