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Good Governance for Cultural Policy

An African-European Research about Arts and Development

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Edited By Wolfgang Schneider and Daniel Gad

Culture is seen as a source for the development of society. Task of cultural policy is therefore to create and support structures that promote mobilization of creativity of the people and thus ensure welfare, innovation and pluralism. Such relationships have been discussed at the level of UNESCO for the past forty years. Within Germany and Europe as well as on the African continent experiences and initiatives are increasing in order to put discourse on cultural policies into practice. There is a need to provide a forum for the exchange of concepts and to identify the state of the art of theory and practice within the concepts of good governance and cultural policy. It is essential to clarify the role and the needed context of the arts, of art education and of individual artists in the development of society.
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The Arts and Digital Media.The Question of the Public Sphere in

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Jonathan Vickery and Tomi Oladepo

The subject of this chapter brings together three areas of inquiry: the arts, digital media and the public sphere. The theory of the public sphere has an intellectual history that is rooted in recent German critical theory, notably the work of sociologist Jürgen Habermas (Habermas 1989/2011). Four assumptions underpin this chapter. First, a strong concept of the public sphere should be at the centre of the discourse on governance in cultural policy. Second, governance in cultural policy should be fully integrated into new digital media and its potential for public communications. Third, the arts should not be cast as “recipients” or beneficiaries of good governance in cultural policy – creative producers can contribute to, or at least generate techniques for, cultural governance. And lastly, following the many recent and fruitful projects convened by UNESCO under the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund (MDG-F), the term “enterprise”’ should not remain embedded in the discourse of business or economics. Governance is not a surrogate for government bureaucracy, but a means of responding to new opportunities with innovations in administration and management. In essence it is a form of enterprise, which in turn demands ideas, innovation, risk, experimentation, judgment, vision, conviction, and other qualities internal to artistic creativity. The concept of enterprise needs therefore to be fully redefined by cultural policy.

The first of these above assumptions is perhaps contentious in the light of the recent outstanding collections edited by Anheier and Raj Isar...

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