An African-European Research about Arts and Development
Edited By Wolfgang Schneider and Daniel Gad
The Needs to Protect the Freedom of Expression and Creativity.Restructuring the Egypt’s Ministry of Culture
Basma El Husseiny
The revolution of 25 January 2011 shook a political order that had ruled Egypt for over six decades. Following the overthrow of the head of that order, a complex and arduous process of social and political change was set into motion. This process quickly assumed the form of a gruelling political conflict between the forces and agencies of the old order and the revolutionary forces. Very early on, the Islamist currents that took part in the revolution broke away, staking for themselves a position hostile to the liberal and leftist revolutionary forces and establishing themselves as a third player in the power struggle. This conflict is likely to last for many years and not even the most astute political analyst could predict its outcome. Nevertheless, one cannot deny the gains that continue to accrue. Foremost among these are the broadening scope of interest and involvement in public affairs, the growth in political awareness and acumen, and a steadily increasing willingness to criticise and to question prevailing social and cultural mores, beliefs and axioms. Such developments are readily apparent to any informed observer.
The revolution has offered Egyptians a rare opportunity to scrutinise, revise and modify all the political structures that had governed their public affairs for 60 years. Therefore, immediately after the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, in February 2011, I began to draw up a plan for how to handle the legacy of the Ministry of Culture that had governed Egyptian cultural life...
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