When -ities collide. Virtuality, actuality, reality
Abstract Ronald Langacker’s model of virtuality vs. actuality vs. reality requires a critical approach. Light can be shed on the problem through consideration of science fiction, understood as a language-generated derivative world. The areas subject to further elaboration include (i) the relationship between virtuality and what Langacker calls elaborated reality, (ii) the relationship between basic, immediate and elaborated reality (Langacker’s terms), (iii) the status of reality vis-à-vis actuality and (iv) the (actual or virtual) status of Langacker’s instance plane. It is claimed that benefits are potentially reciprocal: an understanding of science fiction is also enriched through an application of the Cognitive Grammar model for its analysis.