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Cognitive Linguistics in the Making


Kinga Rudnicka-Szozda and Aleksander Szwedek

The papers in this book address the most fundamental, currently investigated problems in cognitive linguistics in a wide spectrum of perspectives. Apart from some traditional descriptions of particular metaphors and metonymies, there are analyses of spatio-temporal relations, motion and stillness, iconicity, force dynamics, as well as subjectivity and objectivity in language. The analyses are based on a number of languages: English, Polish, Russian, German, Lithuanian, Italian and Danish. The essays represent case studies, theoretical analyses as well as practical applications.
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When -ities collide. Virtuality, actuality, reality



Abstract Ronald Langacker’s model of virtuality vs. actuality vs. reality requires a critical approach. Light can be shed on the problem through consideration of science fiction, understood as a language-generated derivative world. The areas subject to further elaboration include (i) the relationship between virtuality and what Langacker calls elaborated reality, (ii) the relationship between basic, immediate and elaborated reality (Langacker’s terms), (iii) the status of reality vis-à-vis actuality and (iv) the (actual or virtual) status of Langacker’s instance plane. It is claimed that benefits are potentially reciprocal: an understanding of science fiction is also enriched through an application of the Cognitive Grammar model for its analysis.

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