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Cognitive Linguistics in the Making


Kinga Rudnicka-Szozda and Aleksander Szwedek

The papers in this book address the most fundamental, currently investigated problems in cognitive linguistics in a wide spectrum of perspectives. Apart from some traditional descriptions of particular metaphors and metonymies, there are analyses of spatio-temporal relations, motion and stillness, iconicity, force dynamics, as well as subjectivity and objectivity in language. The analyses are based on a number of languages: English, Polish, Russian, German, Lithuanian, Italian and Danish. The essays represent case studies, theoretical analyses as well as practical applications.
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On multiple metonymic mappings in signed languages



Abstract The paper adopts the framework of contemporary Cognitive Linguistics, which assumes that language provides access to the human conceptual system and that many concepts are based on metaphor and metonymy (Lakoff and Johnson, 1980, 1999; Lakoff, 1987; Langacker, 1987, 1993; Taylor, 1989). The analysis focuses on multiple metonymic mappings underlying simple and compound signs from three unrelated languages: American, British, and Polish. In the signs referring to individual entities, multiple metonymies function only on the level of articulation. In the signs denoting categories, the articulation-level metonymies precede the metonymies related to category structure.

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