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The Works of Richard Oschanitzky

Stylistic features

Alex Vasiliu

The Works of Richard Oschanitzky analyses the German-Romanian composer and pianist’s output in the context of Socialist Romania (1965 to 1979). By the means of music historiography, archive research and musicological analyses, the composer’s contributions to the symphonic/chamber jazz genres, pioneering role in ethno-jazz and film music scores are analysed. The book lays particular stress on Richard Oschanitzky’s attempt to find common ground between European academic music and American jazz, as exemplified in his symphonic jazz works. The Romanian edition of this book has raised awareness of the musical potential to be retrieved, resulting in additional audio-visual products, such as documentary films and new CD editions of his work. It has become part of the academic curriculum for the course History of Jazz, taught at the George Enescu University of Arts in Iaşi, Romania.
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Part 2. Richard Oschanitzky’s Personality – A Model of Spiritual Confluence


In the first half of the 20th century, Oschanitzky was a well-known name in the Romanian regions of Banat and Transylvania. Three of the five brothers had artistic preoccupations: Joseph Oschanitzky wrote poetry, short stories, a novel, the operetta libretto The Girl from the Târnava river region, he was editor-in-chief of magazine Kultureller Wegweiser, later renamed Volk und Kultur. Ernst Oschanitzky was a cellist and conductor.62

Richard Carol (Karl) Oschanitzky (father of the musician under research) studied at the Musikakademie in Vienna, Hochschule für Musik in Sonderhaussen, Königliches Konservatorium für Musik in Leipzig and the Staatskonservatorium in Würzburg, having, among others, Arnold Schoenberg as a teacher of composition. He conducted the orchestras of the Vienna Volksoper, the Stralsund State Opera, the Berlin UFA film company, the German theatre in Sibiu, the Hungarian Opera in Cluj-Napoca, he taught at the Conservatory and was a choir master in Timişoara. Here, he took the local art world by surprise when he appeared as an actor on the stage of the German Theatre. From all the parts he performed, the role of old man Miller in Schiller’s Intrigue and Love was considered to be his best. However, most of his achievements came out of the musical field: he taught musical theory, solfège and harmony, he composed scores for theatre performances63, many secular choral works, a quartet, sonatas, pieces for various instruments accompanied by piano, one cantata.64

His son, Richard Waldemar Oschanitzky, was born...

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