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Hopes and Anxieties in Europe

Six Waves of the European Social Survey

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Edited By Paweł B. Sztabiński, Henryk Domański and Franciszek Sztabiński

The present collection of articles is based on data from the European Social Survey (ESS) and analyses the changes in European societies. The first part of the volume is devoted to relations between legitimization, subjective well-being, voting patterns, and the role of social cohesion in determination of political culture. The second part addresses methodological questions designed to quantify the reliability and validity of certain measures in interviews, coverage errors, measurement errors, and non-response, as well as the understanding of questions in multi-country surveys in the context of the comparability between countries.
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4. Legitimacy and Trust in European Countries: Macro-structural Explanation of Changes, 2002–2012

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4.1 Introduction

In this chapter we empirically examine the relationships between legitimacy, on one hand, and main macro-level and micro-level variables, on the other, in modern European democracies. Analyzing determinants of legitimacy, we are concerned primarily with two forms of trust: country-level societal trust (social cohesion) and individual-level personal trust of people. We recognize that in Europe both types of trust are conditioned by economic and political factors.

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