Essays in Honour of Gabriele Müller-Oberhäuser
Edited By Simon Rosenberg and Sandra Simon
Huguenot Material in London after the Edict of Fontainebleau: The Vaillant Family
Mirjam Christmann, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster
In 1685, the Huguenot Vaillant family left France for England where they resumed their bookselling business. Their role in the eighteenth-century London book-market and the development of their publications is examined with regard to aspects of integration of Huguenots into English society.
On 13 April 1598, in an attempt to end the French Wars of Religion, Henry IV granted the Huguenots, the Calvinist Protestants of France, substantial rights in the essentially Catholic nation. Separating civil from religious unity and opening a path for secularism and tolerance, the Edict of Nantes ultimately ended the French religious wars. The regents following Henry IV – Marie de Medici, acting as regent for their son, and Louis XIII – both reconfirmed the Edict. When Louis XIII died in 1643, his son, who was to become the Sun King Louis XIV, was only two years old. He was raised by his mother, Anne of Austria, an obsessive Catholic who hoped that her son would eventually eliminate Protestantism in France. From the 1650s onwards, due to propaganda by both the Company of the Most Holy Sacrament and the Company for the Propagation of Faith, the Edict of Nantes started to be interpreted in a more oppressive way. In 1681, Louis XIV instituted the dragonnades, a policy to intimidate Huguenot families into converting back to the Catholic faith or to leave France. On 17 October 1685, he revoked the Edict of Nantes by the...
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