Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden
Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
Ideals and values of modern journalists: the search for balance
Quite often the discussion about ideals and values in the field of communication is described through opposing one professional standard to another, through comparing contradictory trends. As Maras writes:
“Standards of journalism do not stand above history, and what is good or bad practice needs to be reinvented, not just through robust and rigorous discussion in the profession, but through dialogue with new theoretical perspectives and cultural change.” (Maras, 2009:207)
Modern scholarly literature describes contradictory trends existing in contemporary journalism (e.g. market orientation and social service of media in different countries and regions of the world, liberalization and regulation strengthening typical for the precise segment of media system etc.). However, all the trends are indivisibly linked to historic conditions, a wider national and international context in which values and standards of journalistic profession are formed and realized.
The following chapter includes analyses of professional choice and its factors, covers the issue of professional ethics seen by practitioners in three countries and represents the overview of value orientations typical for journalists in Poland, Russia and Sweden.
6.1 Professional choice
Professional choice is one of the most serious decisions people make in their life, and the factors influencing this process are typical for a concrete media system and reflect peculiarities of certain social groups (see Table 6.1) ← 153 | 154 →
Table 6.1: Factors influencing job choice
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