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Journalism in Change

Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden


Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

Media developments change journalism all over the world. But are the changes the same in different media systems? How is professionalization influenced by the constant growth of a network society and social media? How are commercialization and political influences in the media relating to each other? These are some of the issues discussed in this study. It is based on the research project Journalism in Change – professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden. From 2011 to 2014 researchers from Sweden, Poland and Russia at Södertörn University in Stockholm have been cooperating closely in order to survey a sample of 1500 journalists and 60 in depth interviews with journalists. The results are presented in a comparative design covering different areas.
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
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Ideals and values of modern journalists: the search for balance


Maria Anikina

Quite often the discussion about ideals and values in the field of communication is described through opposing one professional standard to another, through comparing contradictory trends. As Maras writes:

“Standards of journalism do not stand above history, and what is good or bad practice needs to be reinvented, not just through robust and rigorous discussion in the profession, but through dialogue with new theoretical perspectives and cultural change.” (Maras, 2009:207)

Modern scholarly literature describes contradictory trends existing in contemporary journalism (e.g. market orientation and social service of media in different countries and regions of the world, liberalization and regulation strengthening typical for the precise segment of media system etc.). However, all the trends are indivisibly linked to historic conditions, a wider national and international context in which values and standards of journalistic profession are formed and realized.

The following chapter includes analyses of professional choice and its factors, covers the issue of professional ethics seen by practitioners in three countries and represents the overview of value orientations typical for journalists in Poland, Russia and Sweden.

6.1 Professional choice

Professional choice is one of the most serious decisions people make in their life, and the factors influencing this process are typical for a concrete media system and reflect peculiarities of certain social groups (see Table 6.1) ← 153 | 154 →

Table 6.1: Factors influencing job choice

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