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Journalism in Change

Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden


Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

Media developments change journalism all over the world. But are the changes the same in different media systems? How is professionalization influenced by the constant growth of a network society and social media? How are commercialization and political influences in the media relating to each other? These are some of the issues discussed in this study. It is based on the research project Journalism in Change – professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden. From 2011 to 2014 researchers from Sweden, Poland and Russia at Södertörn University in Stockholm have been cooperating closely in order to survey a sample of 1500 journalists and 60 in depth interviews with journalists. The results are presented in a comparative design covering different areas.
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
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Journalism and politics


Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

In this chapter we try to find answers to some questions which are linked with the relationships between journalists and media in three countries around the Baltic Sea:

We hope that the answers to these questions will help us to verify this hypothesis:

We wonder how the theoretical concepts presented above, as a quality of democracy, press freedom, political parallelism, a hybridization of media system, are reflected in the empirical material collected in 2012 in Poland, Russia and Sweden. In the first part, we analyze the personal political orientation of journalists and their interests in politics and political questions in society. We search for their professional values and ethics in a context of relationship with politics. In the second part, we try to find out what journalists thought about their profession and how they evaluated a state of connection between media and politics in each country.

The analysis, based on the survey of 1,500 journalists (500 in each country) and 60 interviews (20 in each country), help us to verify or falsify the general statements and opinions about journalistic professionalism and relations with the political world. Comparative studies are not easy in general, but it seems ← 179 | 180 → to be more difficult in the case of three countries, which present such differing democratic standards (Democracy Index – rank 2nd, 44th, 122nd in 2012), a level of press freedom (Press Freedom Index – rank 12th, 24th, 142nd in 2012)...

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