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«Bis dat, qui cito dat»

«Gegengabe» in Paremiology, Folklore, Language, and Literature – Honoring Wolfgang Mieder on His Seventieth Birthday

Edited By Christian Grandl and Kevin J. McKenna

Bis dat, qui cito dat – never has a proverb more aptly applied to an individual than does this Medieval Latin saying to Wolfgang Mieder. «He gives twice who gives quickly» captures the essence of his entire career, his professional as well as personal life. As a Gegengabe, this international festschrift honors Wolfgang Mieder on the occasion of his seventieth birthday for his contributions to world scholarship and his kindness, generosity, and philanthropy. Seventy-one friends and colleagues from around the world have contributed sixty-six essays in six languages to this volume, representative of the scope and breadth of his impressive scholarship in paremiology, folklore, language, and literature. This gift in return provides new insights from acknowledged experts from various fields of research.
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Rudyard Kipling and Russian Presidential Elections


Andrey Reznikov

In 2012, a similar event took place in two vastly different countries: Russia and United States. The event was the presidential elections. Russia chose its new former president in March, the United States – in November. But even though the event and even the procedure, on the surface, look very similar, the substance of the two elections has very little in common. In fact, to say that the elections are different would be an understatement. To prove this, it is enough to mention that the results of the Russian elections were obvious long before the day of the voting, while the results of the American elections were unpredictable till November 6.

Among the numerous peculiarities of the Russian elections campaign there is one that is of special interest to linguists: the choice of quotations used by the candidates in their speeches at rallies, press-conferences, debates, etc. If American candidates typically quote the Bible, the US Constitution, and former presidents (most popular being Abraham Lincoln, Ronald Reagan, and John Kennedy), their Russian counterparts like to quote Russian classics – Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Ivan Krylov. The choice of quotations reveals the strategy used by the candidates in persuading voters to do what the candidates need them to do – vote for them. The same traditional choices were mostly used during the latest elections, too; however, an interesting exception to this rule was made by the Russian candidate number one – Vladimir Putin.1

Putin did not...

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