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School Effectiveness in China

An Exploratory Study

Pai Peng

This book is a valuable attempt to address the issue of school effectiveness in mainland China. The author applies multi-level modeling and longitudinal student achievement and survey data to evaluate school effectiveness. In the first study, the author analyzes the effects of school resources and classroom processes on student achievement. He also investigates the size of school effects, and the differential school effects for different groups of students. The other two empirical studies focus on the value-added evaluation of academic performance in schools, including consistency, stability and robustness of value-added results. The author also discusses the policy implications of these empirical findings in the Chinese school system.
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5. Methodology

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This chapter presents an introduction to the overall research design, data source and analytical methods for the empirical analysis in the next chapters. Firstly, I will present the major research questions. Then I will introduce the longitudinal research design and its relevance to these questions. The basic situation in the Hongshan Education Authority will be presented, where the empirical data was collected. Different sources of the data, data collection procedures, and the missing data are also reported. All variables, instruments and constructed indexes used in the empirical analysis are described. Finally, I will discuss the analytical methods in detail: multi-level modelling. Chapter six to eight are processed as three relatively independent articles. Some contents of this chapter will to some degree overlap with the content of the methodology part in the latter empirical analysis.

5.1 An Overview of the Research Questions

Empirical analysis in the later chapters mainly aims to answer the following clusters of questions:

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