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Reconciliation in Bloodlands

Assessing Actions and Outcomes in Contemporary Central-Eastern Europe

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Edited By Jacek Kurczewski

Central-Eastern Europe, in the mid-20 th century, was a scene of Holocaust, mass killings, war, deportations and forced resettlements under the competing totalitarian invasions and afterwards. It was also the area where churches, politicians and citizens were engaged in reconciliation between antagonized religions and nations. This book presents several attempts to heal relations between Poles, Jews, Germans, Czechs, Ukrainians, Russians and Latvians as well as between Catholics, Protestants and Mariavites. Re-conciliatory practices of John Paul II and other Catholic leaders as well as Protestant churches are analysed in the first part of the book. Most of the remaining studies are focused on particular localities in Upper Silesia, Cieszyn Silesia, former Polish Livland and on the Polish-Ukrainian borderland. These detailed contributions combine sociological methods with anthropological insight and historical context. The authors are sociologists, psychologists and theologians and this leads to a fully interdisciplinary approach in the assessment of the recent state of inter-group relations in the region as well as in the proposed theory of peacebuilding and reconciliation.
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Kresowianie: The Polish Expellees’ Perspective on Reconciliation

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In consequence of World War II, borders of many countries in Europe were altered. In the case of Poland, enormous territorial changes resulted from decisions reached by the post-war superpowers without Poland’s involvement. Following the arrangements made in Yalta and Potsdam, the entire country moved: it was literally shifted a significant distance to the west. Approximately half of the territory of Poland was “substituted”, with some more becoming lost. The territorial shift was enforced despite both the fact that Poland had fought against Nazi Germany from the very beginning of the war (which had started with a Nazi attack against Poland on 1 September 1939) and the fact that it continued to fight against the Nazi forces both on the eastern and on the western front. The territorial loss amounted to more than 312 000 square kilometres, and a large part of the territories that before World War II formed the eastern part of the country were incorporated in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Consequently, adding to the massive population losses that Poland sustained during the war, a significant proportion of Poles suddenly found themselves outside the borders of their own country. Poland, relegated for decades to come to the USSR-dominated eastern block, had only minimal say in the negotiations of the particulars of the new eastern borderline (territorial and migratory shifts continued for six years after the end of World War II, until 1951), of the conditions of the forced migrations, and of compensations paid for property...

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