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Salafismus in Deutschland

Entstehung, Radikalisierung und Prävention

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Edited By Rauf Ceylan and Benjamin Jokisch

Salafismus zeigt sich derzeit hauptsächlich in der medial aufgearbeiteten Form des zeitgenössischen politischen Salafismus: radikal, schnell wachsend, national und international als aktuelle Bedrohung empfunden. Dem öffentlichen Diskurs fehlt es häufig an Information und Differenzierung. Es gilt einerseits, Gefahren nicht kleinzureden, um Prävention und angemessene Reaktion zu ermöglichen, und andererseits, diese Minderheit in der Minderheit daran zu hindern, das Bild der Muslime in der Mehrheitsgesellschaft zu prägen. Informierend und differenzierend untersucht der vorliegende Band das Thema Salafismus in zwei Teilen unter den Gesichtspunkten Geschichte und Gegenwart des Salafismus in der islamischen Welt und, dem Titel folgend, Salafismus in Deutschland. Radikalisierung und Prävention.
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Salafism and the Arab Revolutions. Analyzing some general trends

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Sami Zemni

The Arab world has witnessed a wave of revolutions, protests and upheavals since Mohamed Bouazizi (Muḥammad ‘Ṭāriq’ al-Bū ʿAzīzī), a young fruit vendor in the marginalised town of Sīdī Būzīd in Tunisia, set himself on fire as a gesture of protest. The different forms of mass protests against authoritarian and sometimes dictatorial regimes have come as a surprise to many observers. As the seated regimes were seen as well entrenched and mostly backed by foreign (Western) allies, the Arab world was apparently not the place to look for revolutions or massive protest. While most observers of the region were indeed aware of the extreme unpopularity of the Arab leaders and their regimes, no one could really predict the eruption of so much popular discontent.

The originality of the mass protests can be summarized by the rallying cry of the protesters: ‘irḥal!’ (‘leave’). The Arab peoples of the region did not stage their protests in a call for some ideologically motivated claim such as Islam or Shari’a (šarīʿah), nor did they express opposition to imperialist or Western agendas. In fact, one of the central features of the first wave of protests was the conspicuous absence of political parties and/or specific ideologies be they secular, leftist, liberal or Islam-inspired.

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