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The Gospel of Mark

A Hypertextual Commentary


Bartosz Adamczewski

This commentary demonstrates that the Gospel of Mark is a result of a consistent, strictly sequential, hypertextual reworking of the contents of three of Paul’s letters: Galatians, First Corinthians and Philippians. Consequently, it shows that the Marcan Jesus narratively embodies the features of God’s Son who was revealed in the person, teaching, and course of life of Paul the Apostle. The analysis of the topographic and historical details of the Marcan Gospel reveals that they were mainly borrowed from the Septuagint and from the writings of Flavius Josephus. Other literary motifs were taken from various Jewish and Greek writings, including the works of Homer, Herodotus, and Plato. The Gospel of Mark should therefore be regarded as a strictly theological-ethopoeic work, rather than a biographic one.
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3. Mk 14-16 (cf. Phlp)


The Marcan narrative concerning Jesus’ passion, death, and resurrection, which describes the end of his life (Mk 14-16), is a result of a sequential hypertextual reworking of Paul’s letter to the Philippians, which likewise refers to Paul’s Roman imprisonment, Jewish Christian betrayal, suffering, approaching death, and hope for resurrection, and which gives an image of the end of his life.

3.1. Mk 14:1-25 (cf. Phlp 1:1-18)

The section Mk 14:1-25, which presents a good work done for Jesus, Jewish Christian envy, anonymous good-will support for Jesus’ activity, a Jewish Christian intrigue against Jesus, and widely sharing Christ, in a sequential way illustrates the main ideas of the thematically corresponding section Phlp 1:1-18.

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