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Common or Divided Security?

German and Norwegian Perspectives on Euro-Atlantic Security

Edited By Robin Allers, Carlo Masala and Rolf Tamnes

Twenty-five years after the end of the Cold War, Euro-Atlantic security is under pressure. Faced with major geopolitical shifts, instability at its frontiers and financial crisis at home, the European nations and their American Allies will have to rethink how to design common security. Failure to animate the European Union (EU) and to reinvigorate the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) as efficient tools for peace and security might lead the West back to the spectre of divided security, to fragmentation and renationalisation. This book addresses the main challenges to Western security from the perspective of two European Allies: Germany and Norway.
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Chapter 7: Becoming a Responsible Leader? Germany and EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy

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Becoming a Responsible Leader?Germany and EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy

Alister Miskimmon

Germany’s involvement in the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union has ebbed and flowed since the CFSP emerged in 1993. German governments since unification have sought to minimise their involvement in military deployments whilst at the same time seeking to build cooperation with other likeminded EU member states in areas of mutual interest. Despite Germany’s perceived rise in relative power within the eurozone, its leadership in CFSP, and since 2009 in the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), has been curtailed by frequent divergence from British and French conceptions and inconsistency in driving an expansive agenda for the development of common solutions in this area. This is driven by domestic scepticism of an increased role for German armed forces in international crisis management, policy differences with partners on the utility of armed force in international affairs and a difficulty in articulating a vision of Germany’s emerging international role.

A central theme of Germany’s foreign policy narrative has been Germany’s growing responsibility in security and defence policy. This narrative of responsibility has run through Germany’s post-unification foreign policy development in two forms. Responsibility has been understood both as a reason for restraint in the deployment of German armed forces, and periodically to explain to domestic and international opinion the nature of Germany’s emerging international role in military crisis management. This reinterpretation of responsibility for greater German foreign policy...

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