Edited By Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Krzysztof Kosecki
Complementarity of Space and Time in Motion-Framed Distance
Jacek Tadeusz Waliński1, University of Lodz, Poland
This study demonstrates a complementarity of spatial and temporal representations of distance in linguistic performance. Objectively verifiable frequencies of language patterns found in the British National Corpus show that in the semantic context of motion events English speakers have a tendency to denote distance in space both in spatial and temporal terms, with temporal representations being used more frequently. This inclination was found to occur for semantic attributes of motion manner and instrument., which suggests that the use of temporal expressions appears to be modulated by the presence of the semantic component of motion, rather than lexical patterns alone. The results indicate that in the semantic context of motion events space and time are correlated in a complementary fashion, which suggests that in this particular context neither time or space should be regarded as metaphorical extension of the other.