Eine Begleiterin der Menschheit / A Companion of Mankind
Prostitution seems to be as old as humanity itself and is consequently not described as the «oldest profession» without cause. This anthology is an interdisciplinary, chronological and regional extensive approach to analyze the phenomenon. It provides a broad historical, sociological, cultural, and gender perspective on prostitution for the academic as well as the interested reader alike. It examines the role of prostitutes in society, the reception of the profession per se and the conditions due to which it is established.
From “Lewd Women” to “Little Brown Fucking Machines”: The U.S. Military and Prostitution at Home and Abroad, from the Revolutionary War through the Present
The U.S. military has had a long and complicated history with prostitution. Indeed, the history of the two is closely intertwined. The militarization of prostitution is not unique to the United States, but how the U.S. military has dealt with prostitutes as individuals and prostitution as a phenomenon has played out in ways that have not been experienced by other militaries or in areas absent U.S. military deployments.1 As the U.S. military first began to deploy outside of the continental borders of the United States into the Caribbean, the Pacific, and Europe in the first decades of the twentieth century, military leaders tended to view soldiers’ sexual desires as being almost irrepressible, but increasingly came to believe that they needed to address the myriad problems that soldiers’ sexual relationships – many with prostitutes – created for the military, its missions, and the local civilian populations near its military bases. Most obviously, and perhaps most importantly from the military’s perspective, soldiers’ sexual behaviors can lead to combat ineffectiveness because they may contract venereal diseases as a result of their sexual exploits that render them unable to perform their military duties. Soldiers’ sexual activities can get out of hand and generate considerable ill will and active resistance in communities surrounding military bases.2 Rapes by servicemen of local women in friendly or ← 405 | 406 → occupied areas can cause significant resentment by local civilian populations, as can unacknowledged or unwanted pregnancies, making placid civil-military relations extremely difficult.
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